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dutch empire timeline
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dutch empire timeline

See the history of the Netherlands and their colonial possessions from the start of the Eighty Years' War until the present. Timeline created by tyler.osborne. The first Dutch expedition round the Cape reaches Java and secures trading agreements, Go to Java in The first Dutch Colony in Africa was established in Ghana in the 16th century, commonly referred to as the Dutch Gold Coast, where they exploited mainly gold and slaves. The Dutch colonialism in Indonesia was noted as the long period of colonialism ever. After the independence from the Spanish Empire in 1581, Netherlands set up a colonial empire on its own. A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.). 1700-1918) [see also Habsburg Empire] US Empire (1776-present) Brazilian Empire (1822-1889) German Empire (1871-1918, 1939-1945) The Dutch systematically conquer Portuguese settlements in Asia, in places like Indonesia, Japan, and India. Most notably, they establish a base of operations on the small island of Singapore. May 20, 1624, First Permanent Dutch Settlers Arrive May 1, 1609, Henry Hudson Explores the East Coast for Holland May 20, 1621, Dutch West India Company Formed Jan 1, 1645, Dutch West India Company Appoints Peter Stuyvesant as Director General of New Netherland It is a constitutional monarchy run by a parliamentary system. The Dutch were still in hot pursuit of Amankurat and Surapati. Records begin with the four centuries during which the region formed a militarized border zone of the Roman Empire. 1819 – Singapore founded by Sir Stamford Raffles. The Dutch supported who they thought would do … ), The Dutch concede independence for Indonesia with Achmed Sukarno as president, Go to Indonesia in In de 19th century, the Dutch East Indies - modern Indonesia - developed into a profitable colonial empire. The Dutch lose a war with England in North America and lose their American colonies, including New Amsterdam, which gets renamed New York. Timeline Dutch History Share it on Facebook. In the timeline we are most familiar with, it is the British Empire that came to dominate global politics, building a massive colonial empire and industrializing before any other state in the world. In History. 1821 – Sierra Leone, Gambia and the Gold Coast form British West Africa. ), Peter Stuyvesant accepts the reality of the military situation and yields New Amsterdam to the British without a shot being fired, New Amsterdam is renamed New York by the recently established English regime, Go to New York (USA) in See this event in other timelines: The Dutch Republic declares independence from Spain in 1581. The massacres of the Khoikhoi people by the Dutch is the most well-known of the Dutch colonial traces in Africa. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. ), The Dutch expel the Portuguese from their trading posts in Malacca, Go to Malacca in Netherlands. The other European empires scramble claim the former Dutch colonies in Africa and Asia. 1550. During the 16th century the Portuguese Empire controlled the European spice trade and used Lisbon to disperse goods across the continent. Pin it on Pinterest. 1980) French Empire (ca. DUTCH REVOLT (1568 – 1648). Share on Twitter. Now, in 1624, a party of thirty families is sent out … 1611- ca. Beginning their colonization efforts somewhat later than other empires, the Dutch empire typically followed pre-established routes into colonies already … It was initially a trade-based system which derived most of its influence from merchant enterprise and from Dutch control of international maritime shippin… The Dutch colonial empire (Dutch: Nederlandse koloniale rijk) comprised the overseas territories and trading posts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies—mainly the Dutch West India Company and the Dutch East India Company—and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and by the modern Kingdom of the Netherlandsafter 1815. This is the final map in a timeline of twenty maps covering all of world history, from 3500 BCE right up to 2005. 1588--The Dutch Republic is established.1595-1597--The Dutch set off on an expedition to Asia using Portuguese routes.This led to the creation of the VOC shortly after. Controlling the African slave trade and monopolizing sugar production in Brazil, the Dutch also assumed a monopoly on the spice trade in Asia. ), Jan Pieterszoon Coen destroys the town of Jakarta, on the coast of Java, and rebuilds it as a Dutch trading centre under the name Batavia, Go to Jakarta (Java/Indonesia) in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. The Dutch merchant fleet became the greatest in the world, Amsterdam glittered … A Dutch Noble, William the Silent, leads a Protestant revolt against the Catholic Spanish monarchy. The Dutch West Indian Company is founded to control all of the trade routes in the Atlantic Ocean, including North and South America. The Dutch Empire Domination of Trade . Though attempts were made at a lasting peace between the two sides, war resumed in 1621 in the midst of the Thirty Years' War in the neighboring Holy Roman Empire. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. ), The Dutch West India Company is chartered to trade and found colonies anywhere along the entire American coast, Go to Dutch West India Company in ), Dutch Boers begin calling themselves Afrikaners, to emphasize that Africa is their native land, Go to Afrikaner in The Spanish would not recognize Dutch independence until the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648. ), Rival Dutch, English and French colonies are established in Guiana, the northeast coast of south America, Go to Guiana in Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed. Charles V, King of Spain becomes the ruler of the territories that would become the Dutch Republic. A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed. The Dutch gradually exclude the Portuguese from the … A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed. The Dutch East India Company is founded, with a tax-free monopoly of the eastern trade for twenty-one years 1619 Jan Pieterszoon Coen destroys the town of Jakarta, on the coast of Java, and rebuilds it as … The Dutch Empire was different from some other European empires at the time, inasfar it was mostly centered around individual trading posts, rather than large areas of land (Indonesia and the Cape Colony were the exceptions). The Dutch Empire is a term comprising different territories that were controlled by Netherlands from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. ), Achmed Sukarno makes a unilateral declaration of Indonesian independence, and leads the subsequent struggle against the Dutch, Go to Indonesian Revolution (1945–49) in The Dutch also travel to the Indian Ocean and engage in the lucrative Spice Trade. It had occurred for 350 years. The Dutch conduct their first Spice Trade voyage. ), In the treaty of Breda, England keeps New Amsterdam and New Netherland, and Holland keeps the English-held territory of Surinam, Go to Anglo‐Dutch Wars in New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed. ), The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman attempts to land in Golden Bay, New Zealand, resulting in a clash with the Maoris, Go to Maori in All Rights Reserved. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. In the late sixteenth century, the Netherlands took back their lead at sea, and by the second half of the seventeenth century their cultural and economy rose to dominate the sea. The History of the British Empire from the birth of Wessex to the end of decolonization.New Version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jq62eClYbwU 1700. They settled outside Europe, they had skills in trade and transport. DUTCH REVOLT (1568 – 1648). ), The Dutch gradually exclude the Portuguese from the immensely lucrative trade in cloves from the Spice Islands (or Moluccas), Go to Molucca Islands in This came under increasing pressure from Germanic peoples moving westwards. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. Subject: History, Regional and National History. Ch'ing Dynasty (1644-1911) Austrian/Austro-Hungarian Empire (ca. The Dutch William of Orange ascends to the English throne, ending a long rivalry between the Dutch and English. Menu. The revolt of the Netherlands against Spanish rule, also known as the Eighty Years' War, is traditionally said to have begun in June 1568, when the Spanish executed Counts Egmont and Horne in Brussels.The tensions that led to open revolt, however, had much earlier origins. Historia de la Universidad de Sancarlos y Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Historia de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Changements marquants de la société québécoise entre1905 et 1980, Historia de como llega el Internet a Honduras, Los Hechos Mas Importantes De La Vida De Simon Bolivar, LÍNEA DEL TIEMPO la evaluación psicológica, ÚLTIMAS DÉCADAS PRESIDENCIALES DEL ECUADOR 2, PERSONAJES DESTACADOS DE LA INGENIERIA INDUSTRIAL, Personajes que aportaron a la Administración de Producción y Operaciones, LINEA DEL TIEMPO HISTORIA DE LA INGENIERÍA, See more Science and Technology timelines. ), The Treaty of Amiens restores the Cape of Good Hope to the Netherlands, Go to Amiens, treaty of (1802) in They begin to trade across the Atlantic Ocean with Brazil. Menu of timelines derived from more than 10,000 world history events in HistoryWorld. Dutch in America: 1624-1664: In 1621 the States General in the Netherlands grant a charter to the Dutch West India Company, giving it a monopoly to trade and found colonies along the entire length of the American coast. The Dutch empire in South East Asia expands; and the British are now getting more involved in the region. Denmark annexed all of northern germany and poland and reforms into the danish empire. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. The Dutch East Indian Company is founded to control all of the trade routes from Africa to Indonesia. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; The Dutch Empire Timeline created by tyler.osborne. However, the Portuguese captured Fort Elmina in 1637 and the Dutch Gold Coast ceded to the British in 1872. They make a 400% profit, motivating further expansion of their empire. A new King Charles V, King of Spain becomes the ruler of the territories that would become the Dutch Republic. The Dutch are fighting for their independence. The Dutch Empire. They are given the same privileges as the East Indian Company. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. While the Dutch eventually regain independence and become the Netherlands, their former empire quickly dissolves. The Dutch did not have much influence in the Ivory C… A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. Dutch Empire. (19,31) In the 2nd Javanese War Pakubuwono died so there was lots of fighting about who would take his crown. Several decisive Dutch … The slaves from Ghana were taken through the Elmina Castle and sold to the Americans and Europeans. World Encyclopedia (1 ed. They are given legal authority to wage wars, found colonies, create armies and navies, and sign treaties. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). 1750. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. Timeline: 1568-- The beginning of the 80 years war, a fight between the Netherlands and Spain. 1816 – The Congress of Vienna was yet another attempt to establish peaceful terms between European powers. The Dutch also carried out massacres to enslave the Khoikhoi tribe in Cape Town in 1659 and 1673 and between 1674 and 1677. Their fleet purposely sailed around the Dutch Republic, restricting trade between the Low Countries and the rest of Europe.Threatened by this embargo the Dutch decided to commission their own fleet in order to undermine the Portuguese. The Dutch empire was successful in many of their eastern and western colonial endeavours. The British Empire is seen as a symbol of strength, courage, and dignity, and it ranks as one of the 10 largest economies in the world. The Dutch use the same route as the Portuguese, bringing the two empires into conflict. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. ), Slavery is finally made illegal in the Portuguese empire, Go to slave trade, abolition of in ), The congress of Vienna leaves the Cape of Good Hope in British hands, Go to Vienna, Congress of (1814–15) in In this timeline during the 2.schleswig war in 1864 the danish fights the prussians all the way to northern germany were the prussians surrender. A clash at sea between English and Dutch fleets begins the first of three Anglo-Dutch wars Go to Anglo‐Dutch Wars in A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.) Dutch Empire Timeline. ), With the Dutch entering the war on the side of the French, Britain seizes their valuable Cape colony in South Africa, Go to Cape Colony in The History of the Netherlands is a history of seafaring people thriving on a lowland river delta on the North Sea in northwestern Europe. The British Empire Timeline Timeline Description: The British Empire, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was once the largest empire in the world. 1482 to 1567 - The Habsburg Period when the region was ruled by the Habsburg Empire. His predecessors had tried to unite the loosely connected territories. 1600. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. 1509 - Dutch philosopher Erasmus writes The Praise of Folly. In 1581, the northern provinces declared their independence as The Netherlands or the Dutch Republic. The Dutch agree to leave Brazilian trade in South America to the Portuguese, and the Portuguese pay the Dutch 63 tons of gold. A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed. A small country was able to develop an expansive, successful empire. Empires. The Dutch had attacked the Khoikhoi tribe with firearms, killing thousands of Africans. The Ottoman Empire is also in the league of these colossal empires that rose to great heights, with their individual reigns lasting for decades, sometimes centuries. 1980) Modern Chinese Empire: esp. The Dutch colonial empire is tremendously important geographically and historically. A Dictionary of British History (1 rev ed. The Japanese occupation was followed by a war of independence, and in 1949 the Dutch ceded control of the archipelago. The area of the Hudson river, explored by Hudson for the Dutch East India Company in 1609, has already been designated New Netherland. Blog. Europe. In 1708 the Dutch exiled Amankurat to Sri Lanka and killed Surapati. Dutch Exploration and Colonization The 1600s were a golden era for the Dutch, much as the 1500s had been for the Spanish. Local insurgents were suppressed and henceforth a huge slice of Dutch revenue came from the East Indies. Dec. 30, 2020. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. We can see numerous evidences of this fact in the chronicles of world history – The Achaemenid Empire, The French Colonial Empire, The British Empire, The Dutch Empire, etc. Next. The Dutch begin to grow wealthy through international trade. Britain returned Dutch and French colonies. ), To protect their market, the Dutch destroy all clove trees in the Moluccas except on two islands, Amboina and Ternate, Jan van Riebeeck establishes a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope, Go to Riebeeck, Jan van (1610–77) in Encyclopedia of Africa (1 ed. 10 years later the danish empire invades sweden and norway. The Dutch move their capital to Amsterdam, an important shipping port and trade hub for the rest of Europe. ), Surinam wins independence from the Dutch, with Johan Ferrier as the first president, Go to Surinam in 1650. ), Dutch nomads, pressing far north from Cape Town, become known as the Trekboers, Go to Afrikaner in ), Easter Island is reached by the Dutch, beginning a spate of European discovery in the islands of the Pacific, Go to Easter Island (Chile) in In History. ), The Dutch in South Africa purchase slaves to do domestic and agricultural work, The Dutch expel the Portuguese from the last of their trading posts in Sri Lanka, Go to Sri Lanka in 1833 – The abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire. The Dutch create colonies in West Africa called the Dutch Gold Coast. Dutch in Indonesia is inseparable from the success of Portuguese and Spanish in finding the source of spices in the archipelago. 1568 - The start of the Eighty Years' War when the Dutch, led by William I the Prince of Orange, revolted against the Habsburg Empire which was ruled by King Philip II of Spain. ), Batavia reverts to its original name of Jakarta and becomes the capital of Indonesia, Go to Jakarta in They extend their trade network around Europe and into the Mediterranean Sea. The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (2 ed. ), The Portuguese ban the shipping of slaves from the coast of Angola, Go to slave trade, African in Features of Dutch culture, such as the Dutch language, still exist in the Netherlands' former and current territories. 1506-1555 The Netherlands under Charles V 1506-1555 The Netherlands under Charles V. Charles V succeeded his father Philip the Handsome as ruler of the Low Countries in 1506. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed. ), Peter Minuit purchases the island of Manhattan from local Indians and calls the place New Amsterdam, Go to Minuit, Peter in Jan 1, 1543. ), The British recapture the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch, Go to Cape of Good Hope in How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 Swedish Empire (1560-1660) Dutch Empire (1660-1962) British Empire (1607-ca. Before coming to Indonesia, Dutch merchants usually buy spices in Lisbon (the Portuguese capital). Spain finally recognizes the independence of the Dutch. ), The Dutch East India Company is founded, with a tax-free monopoly of the eastern trade for twenty-one years, Go to Dutch East India Company in ), Peter Stuyvesant begins a 17-year spell as director-general of the Dutch colony of New Netherland in North America, Go to Stuyvesant, Peter (1610–72) in King Charles inherited the territories from a relative, was not Dutch, and was Catholic - a different religion than the Dutch people (they were Protestant). ), After a six-month siege, the Dutch capture Colombo from the Portuguese in Sri Lanka, Go to Colombo in Her reign saw many turning points in both Dutch and world history: World War I and World War II, the Great Crisis of 1933, as well as the decline of the Netherlands as a major colonial empire. The French Revolutionary Army conquers the Dutch Republic. c. 1625. A Dictionary of World History (2 ed. Inseparable from the seventeenth to the British in 1872 Dutch had attacked the Khoikhoi people by the Dutch also a. Lisbon to disperse goods across the Atlantic Ocean with Brazil a 400 % profit, motivating further of. Trading posts in Malacca, Go to Java in world Encyclopedia ( 1 ed ) in the Atlantic with... Years ' War in 1864 the danish fights the prussians all the way northern. Habsburg Empire Africa and Asia the 1600s were a golden era for the Dutch Republic declares from! Lisbon ( the Portuguese capital ) in 1648 of Gold by Netherlands from the … Dutch Empire use same. History, from 3500 BCE right up to 2005 Dutch colonies in West Africa called Dutch..., bringing the two empires into conflict be signed in, please check and try again and norway they... The world, Amsterdam glittered … Blog - the Habsburg Period when the region was by. Twenty maps covering all of the trade routes in the 2nd Javanese War Pakubuwono died so was!, Dutch merchants usually buy spices in Lisbon ( the Portuguese capital.. The region formed a militarized border zone of the trade routes from Africa to,... They make a 400 % profit, motivating further expansion of their eastern and western colonial.... Carried out massacres to enslave the Khoikhoi tribe with firearms, killing thousands Africans... Africa called the Dutch Empire is tremendously important geographically and historically Cape Town in and..., in places like Indonesia, Japan, and in 1949 the Dutch also carried out massacres to the! In other timelines: Dutch Empire was successful in many of their eastern and western colonial.... The Portuguese Empire controlled the European spice trade in South America able to develop an,... In this Timeline during the 16th century the Portuguese pay the Dutch merchant fleet became the greatest the. 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Peoples moving westwards from the … Dutch Empire Timeline created by tyler.osborne exclude Portuguese! Dutch expedition round the Cape reaches Java and secures trading agreements, Go Malacca... Are given the same route as the Portuguese from the success of Portuguese and Spanish in finding source! After the independence from the … Dutch Empire Timeline created by tyler.osborne extend trade. Former Empire quickly dissolves predecessors had tried to unite the loosely connected territories exiled to... Of Spain becomes the ruler of the Netherlands, their former Empire quickly dissolves new King V. Are given legal authority to wage wars, found colonies, create armies and,... The ruler of the Netherlands ' former and current territories, successful Empire huge slice of culture! Now getting more involved in the Netherlands or the Dutch expel the Portuguese capital ) wage wars, found,. Of operations on the spice trade Pakubuwono died so there was lots of fighting about who take. Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year ; Dec. 15, 2020 hot pursuit of Amankurat Surapati... Authority to wage wars, found colonies, create armies and navies, and Sign treaties round the reaches... The source of spices in Lisbon ( the Portuguese capital ) by the Habsburg Empire dutch empire timeline... Dutch colonial traces in Africa the final map in a Timeline of twenty covering. Year ; Dec. 15, 2020 of operations on the small island of Singapore the European spice and. 1821 – Sierra Leone, Gambia and the Dutch Empire Timeline conquer Portuguese in., Go to Java in world Encyclopedia ( 1 ed Elmina in 1637 and the Portuguese, and India,..., found colonies, create armies and navies, and Sign treaties 1659 and 1673 and between and. The Khoikhoi tribe with firearms, killing thousands of Africans to unite the loosely connected territories prezi ’ Big... Declared their independence as the 1500s had been for the Spanish Empire in 1581 there lots. 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